ASSESSMENT OF PANORAMIC RADIOMORPHOMETRIC INDICES IN TOBACCO (SMOKE AND SMOKELESS) AND NON TOBACCO USERS
Research Associate, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, India
Email ID: firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr. Sangavi .R,
Senior lecturer, Department of oral medicine, Radiology and Special care dentistry, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai 77, Tamil Nadu, India, Email ID: email@example.com
Dr. Adimulapu Hima Sandeep
Associate Professor, Department of conservative and endodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha university,
Chennai – 600077, Tamil Nadu, India, Email Id: firstname.lastname@example.org
Tobacco consumption has become very common for a given population, mainly due to stress, work pressure, family issues, an individual tends to consume tobacco for short term relief when it in turn leads to severe manifestation on a later stage. It can be in the form of smoke or smokeless. Around 80-90% of the individuals develop Premalignant lesions after consuming tobacco. Radiographs help in further understanding and diagnosis of the lesion when the stage is progressive or malignant. Different radiographic modalities are employed such as OPG, CBCT, Panoramic X-rays.
X-rays findings vary from non tobacco and tobacco users overall. In India according to the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) conducted by CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) and WHO (World Health Organisation) in 2016–17, 28.6% adults (42.4% males and 14.2% females) are tobacco users. Tobacco products contain over 7,000 potentially toxic constituents, which can cause various morbid diseases like certain types of cancer, cardiovascular disease, respiratory ailments, and bone diseases like osteoporosis.