THE NEED TO IDENTIFY CHALLENGES FOR THE FIRE SAFETY EVACUATION IN HIGH-RISE BUILDINGS IN INDIA.
Mamatha. N1 Dr. Ajai Chandran. C. K2
(1.Ph. D. Scholar at Christ University, Bangalore, India, 2. Professor at Christ University Bangalore, India)
High-rise buildings have become a vision of the future as cities grow vertically in developing nations like India. High-rises are a practical by-product of modern times and are defined as structures built higher than 75 feet or 7–10 stories in India. In the last ten years, many Indian metropolises have become centres for the construction of new high-rise structures, with Mumbai unquestionably at the top of the list. Mumbai has India’s greatest concentration of high-rises, with nearly 200 skyscrapers and 12,000 built high-rise structures. Aside from having the high rises overall, it is also noted to have the highest rises currently under construction. The study examines the status of fire safety requirements in high-rise buildings, considering the planning, specification, and time required for evacuation in the context of India. These towering structures are mostly residences. High-rise buildings used to be primarily driven by the focus on their structure, but evolving trends and developments in construction techniques give architects and designers more creative and architectural freedom in the current times. Such emphasis on creative and architectural aspects at times results in compromising with the safety aspects of these high-rise buildings, for instance fire safety. Three case studies are presented to map existing fire safety, its functioning, and safety measures during the evacuation in the context of the Indian scenario. A crucial prerequisite is that the fire safety services enable independent and adequate fire behaviour of the occupants of the building. In general, it seems that the actions that are now required by law, do not always provide the support that people need during fire accidents. Based on the findings from the current study, the following recommendations have been proposed, which would be significant and would have major implications in public fire safety initiatives: awareness of the risks (causes and consequences) of fires in high-rise buildings. It is also necessary to improve the legislation that would explicitly regulate fire safety in high-rise buildings and provide for regular inspections; design and implement certain evacuation and firefighting exercises with occupants of buildings outcomes are presented as an overview of the critical factors that determine the response of the occupants to fire hazards, namely the fire characteristics, people, and buildings.