METHODOLOGICAL FEATURES OF TEACHING BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (ON THE EXAMPLE OF HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY)
Associate Professor of the Department of Zoology and Anatomy, Tashkent State Pedagogical University named after Nizami, Uzbekistan, Address: Tashkent city, Bunyodkor 27
Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor of the Department of Zoology and Anatomy, Tashkent State Pedagogical University named after Nizami, Uzbekistan, Address: Tashkent city, Bunyodkor 27, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract. Today, the most important task of higher education is its focus on the acquisition by each student of his own full-fledged personal experience. In this regard, in the coming years, a number of presidential decrees and orders will be adopted, raising the education system to a new, higher level. Particular attention is paid to improving teaching methods, the gradual introduction of the principles of individualization of the educational process, the introduction of modern information and communication technologies and innovative projects in the field of higher education. The article discusses the methodological features of teaching biological sciences, in particular, “Human Anatomy and Physiology” in pedagogical higher educational institutions using information and communication technologies, traditional and didactic lectures, problem-based learning and multimedia teaching aids, and also considers the role of pedagogical skills and competence of the teacher in teaching the discipline. In pedagogical educational institutions, this discipline is carried out in the areas of “Methods of teaching biology” under the name “Anatomy and human physiology” in the 4th semester of the 2nd year and 5.6 semesters of the 3rd year of the bachelor’s degree, and in the direction of “Defectology” under the name “Anatomy. Human Genetics” at the 1st semester of the 1st year undergraduate course.
Key words: innovative technologies, competence, skill, multimedia teaching aids, problem-based learning, traditional and didactic lectures, science and art.