A STUDY OF SOCIAL IMPACTS OF GROUNDWATER OVERDRAFT IN THE SELECTED SUB-REGIONS OF HARYANA STATE
Ph.D. Research Scholar, Dept. of Social Work,, MUIT University, Lucknow, U.P.
Dr. Trupti Singh
Research Guide, Associate Professor Dept. of Social Work,, MUIT, University, Lucknow, U.P.
Water is a natural resource that is essential for human life, agriculture, and the development of sustainable communities. In Haryana District, one of the most important sources of water is ground water. Rainfall that occurs during monsoons and other seasons, as well as return flows from irrigation systems, recharge from canals, lakes, and ponds, and floods all help to replenish ground water resources. This annual recharging of the aquifer helps to contribute to the dynamic ground water resources. A large quantity of the ground water that is recharged into the aquifer is stored there, and a portion of it helps to provide base flow for the rivers. The term “static resource” refers to the vast quantity of ground water that continues to be stored in the aquifer below the zone of yearly fluctuation notwithstanding the annual recharge that takes place there. Due to the fact that out of the 33 blocks that make up the subregion, 22 are over-exploited, 4 are semi-critical, and 7 are critical in terms of their ground water status, there is an urgent need to increase the amount of ground water that is being recharged. This will allow for the annual amount of ground water that is being withdrawn to be balanced out. The purpose of this research paper is to investigate current changes in the amount of ground water found in the Haryana district as well as the social effects of groundwater overdrafts in the Haryana district. In addition to this the researcher has also suggest some measures to raise the ground water level in the Haryana Sub-Region.
Keywords : Ground water, Groundwater Overdraft, ground water recharge, groundwater management strategies