Hamid Yodgorov

Associate Professor of Gulistan State University


Toychieva Zulayho

Teacher of the Department of Uzbek Linguistics of Gulistan State University

In world linguistics, extensive research is being conducted on the formation factor, etymological source, spiritual group, functional aspect, and national-mental characteristics of language phenomena. This created an opportunity to deeply study euphemisms as an orthological phenomenon and a tool of cultural communication in terms of gender, social, pragmatic, linguistic, cultural, and lexicographic. Depending on the geneological and morphological constructions of languages, euphemistic meaning is expressed by phonetic, lexical, morphological, syntactic, phraseological, paremiological and non-verbal means in each language.

Therefore, euphemistics is deepening in the directions of linguistic and pragmatic research of aspects such as the degree of cooperation of these factors in this unity, the strengthening of phonetic, lexical, grammatical factors occurs due to the weakening of pragmatic and personal factors. The main task of the anthropocentric linguistic trends that are forming in Uzbek linguistics in the 21st century is to direct the analysis of man in language, and language in man. It focuses on the problems of ensuring the effectiveness of the practical use of euphemisms and solving them on substantial grounds.

In today’s era of globalization, both the number and weight of studies in the areas of language and culture, language and ethnicity, language and ethnic self-awareness in world linguistics are increasing. Euphemism related to the cultural and spiritual world of the people and its linguistic expression, euphemisms, also reflect the ethnopsychic world of the people, the way of knowing. That is why euphemisms never appear in a separate state from the mental and spiritual world of the speakers. They serve to describe the above-mentioned characteristics of the speakers of the language, the national-cultural reality, and show the language and culture of the people.