PATTERN OF PRESENTATIONS OF ORAL ULCERATIONS AND THEIR IMPACT ON ORAL HEALTH RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE OF PATIENTS
Vindhiya Varshini. V
Undergraduate student, Saveetha Dental College and hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical science, Saveetha University, 162, PH Road, Chennai – 600077,
Tamil Nadu, India, Email Id : firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr. Sangavi .R
Senior lecturer, Department of oral medicine, Radiology and Special care dentistry, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences,
Saveetha University, Chennai 77, Tamil Nadu, India, Email ID: email@example.com
Dr. Adimulapu Hima Sandeep
Associate Professor, Department of conservative and endodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha university,
Chennai – 600077, Tamil Nadu, India, Email Id: firstname.lastname@example.org
Oral ulcer is generally defined as damage of both epithelium and lamina propria of the oral mucosa leading to discontinuity of the oral mucosa. If an ulcerative lesion lasts for two weeks or longer, it is considered chronic; otherwise, it is regarded as an acute ulcer.
Materials and Methods – This study was a retrospective cohort study of all cases that presented with oral ulcers in the oral medicine clinic between May 2021 and May 2022. The clinical diagnosis of oral ulcers was based on the WHO guidelines for oral mucosa diagnosis. All the case notes in the department were retrieved and reviewed. Information extracted from the case notes included age, sex, medical history, clinical findings and treatment received. The data was analyzed using SPSS statistical software.
Results – In our study, we found that there was a statistical significance between age and different types of oral ulcers (p<0.05). No statistical significance was noted between gender and different types of oral ulcers. Male patients between 30 – 60 years of age were more prevalent with oral ulcers. Traumatic and recurrent aphthous ulcers were more prevalent.
Conclusion – Within the limits of this study, we concluded Recurrent apthous ulcer was the most frequent form of oral ulceration and was commoner in males. Physical stress was the most frequently implicated predisposing factor. Further studies on a larger scale are required to find possible associations that would help determine clinical outcomes.
Key words: Discontinuity of epithelium, Recurrent Aphthous ulcer, Stress, Traumatic ulcer,