REVIEW OF BIO DEGRADABLE PLA IN FUSED DECOMPOSITION 3D MODELING
Hariom, Phd Scholar
Department of Mechanical, NIT Patna, Bihar,India.
One of the most common methods of 3D printing—fused deposition modeling (FDM), also known as fused filament fabrication—uses layer-by-layer addition of polymeric materials to form a completed piece. This addition is facilitated by computer-aided design, which instructs the printer where to add polymer. PLA is popular for 3D printing due to its affordability, renewability (e.g., derived from corn or sugar cane), and biocompatibility . Thermal processing conditions also play a key role in sample material properties. For example, samples made with low build platform temperatures have increased mechanical properties, increased interfacial strength, larger crystal size, and lower crystallinity. This review focuses on PLA-based nanocomposites with cellulose, metal-based nanoparticles, continuous fibers, carbon-based nanoparticles, or other additives. These additives impact both the physical properties and printability of the resulting nanocomposites. We also detail the optimal conditions for using these materials in FDM 3D printing. PLA biodegradation depends on pH (degrading faster in highly acidic or basic media), temperature, autocatalytic behavior (catalysis by the lactic acid formed during degradation), and the degree to which water enters the matrix.
Keywords: nanocomposites, crystallinity, biocompatibility.